PEST CONTROL WITHOUT THE USE OF PESTICIDES PDF Print E-mail
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Friday, 12 October 2012 10:40

 

Pests are a major threat and they need to be controlled before they destroy everything in our garden and in our homes.  There are many pesticides available in the market that can be used to control these pests. However, these commercial and widely available organophosphate pesticides are unhealthy for people and also harmful to the environment.  Most of the chemical pesticides for pest control are linked to permanent neurological and kidney problems, and were linked to heightened risks for reproductive toxicity and death.  For this reason, many people have switched to organic insecticides, which are effective in controlling pests and are safer and easier to use.  Organic methods of controlling pests such as removal by hand and by organic pesticides known as bio-pesticides, are less harmful than conventional methods.  Here are few alternatives for controlling pests in your garden without the chemical pesticides:

Use barrier methods.  Barrier methods prevent pests from getting to plants.  You can lay a floating row cover on top of your crops to impede pests.  This floating row cover can be a lightweight cloth that lets sufficient sunlight in.

Use botanical pesticides. Pyrethrum is made from the dried flower heads of the pyrethrum daisy and is useful to control a wide variety of pests, including mosquitoes.

Clean up your garden.  Pests seek protection in crop debris so keep your garden free from weeds and plant debris.  A strong spray of water can wash off delicate insects such as aphids.

Rotate your crops.  Pests tend to build up at certain areas in the garden over time, so rotating your crops will help keep pest levels low.

Suffocate the pests. Horticultural oils that are made from minerals, fish and plants parts can cause respiratory collapse among soft-bodied insects and mites.  The oil naturally suffocates them, and even destroys their eggs.  It can also prevent them from transmitting viruses from plant to plant.  You can also use pesticidal soap as they are effective in smothering and disrupting the outer coating of insects, mites and algae.  Another useful tool to suffocate pests is neem oil, which is derived from neem tree (Azadirachta indica).  It disrupts insect pests’ growth, feeding and egg laying.

 

Last Updated on Friday, 10 May 2013 12:55
 
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